Classical

Reading Comprehension - June 2014

Instructions:  

Read the following passage carefully and answer questions 1 to 5 :

Traditional Indian VAlues must be viewed both from the angle of the individual and from that of the geographically delimited agglomeration of peoples or groups enjoying a common system of leadership which we call the 'State'. The Indan 'State's' special feature is the peaceful, or perhaps mostly peaceful, co-existence of social groups of various historical provenances which manually adhere in a geographical, economic and political sense, without ever assimilating to each other in socia terms, in ways of thinking, or even in language. Modern Indian law will determine certain rules, especially in relation to the regime of the family, upon the basis of hwo the loin-cloth is tied, or how the turban is worn, for this may identify the litigants as members of a regional group, and therefore as participants in it traditional law, though their ancestors left the region three or four centuries earlier. The use of the word 'State' above must not mislead us. There was no such thing as a conflict between the individual and the State, atleast before foreign governements became established, just as there was no concept of state 'sovereignty' or of any church-and-state dichotomy.

                   Modem Indian 'secularism'has an admittedly peculiar feature : It requires the state to make a fair distribution of attention amongst all.religions. These blessed aspects of India's famed tolerance (Indian kings to rarely persecuted religious groups that the exceptions prove the rule) at once struck Portuguese and other European visitors to the West Coast of India in the sixteenth century, and the impression made upon them in this and other ways gave rise, at one remove, to the basic constitution of Thomas More's Utopia. There is little about modern lndia that strikes one at once as Utopian : but the insistence upon the inculcation of norms, and the absense of bigotry and  institutionalized exploitation of human or natural resources, are two very different features which link the realities of India and her tradition with the essence of all
Utopians.
1:  

Which of the following is a special feature of the Indian state ?

A.

peaceful co-existence of people under a common system of leadership

B.

peaceful co-existence of social groups of different historical provenances attached to each other in a geographical, economical and political sense

C.

Social integration of all groups

D.

Cultural assimilation of all social groups

 
 

Option: B

Explanation :


2:  

The author uses the word 'State' to highlight

A.
Antagonistic relationship between the state and the individual throughout the period of history.
B.

Absence of conflict between the state and the individuals upto a point in time.

C.

The concept of state sovereignty

D.

Dependence of religion

 
 

Option: A

Explanation :


3:  

Which one is the peculiar feature of modern lndian 'secularism'?

A.

No discrimination on religious considerations

B.

Total indifference to religion

C.

No space for social identity

D.

Disregard for social law

 
 

Option: A

Explanation :


4:  

The basic construction of Thomas More's Utopia was inspired by

A.

Indian tradition of religious tolerance

B.

Persecution of religious groups by Indian rulers

C.

Social inequality in India

D.

European perception of Indian State

 
 

Option: A

Explanation :


5:  

What is the striking feature of modern India ?

A.

A replica of Utopian State

B.

Uniform Laws

C.

Adherance to traditional values

D.

Absense of Bigotry

 
 

Option: D

Explanation :




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