Classical

Statement & Inference - Statement and Inference MCQ

6:  

(a)  Cats like rats.

(b) Rats like bread.

Inference : Bread is liked by cats

A.

the inference is definitely true

B.

the inference is definitely false

C.

the inference is probably false or true

D.

inference can not be drawn

 
 

Option: B

Explanation :

There are four terms in the statement so conclusion drawn on the basis of them will be definitely false.

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7:  

(a) P is behind M and N.

(b) Q is behind P.

Inference : Q is behind M.

A.

the inference is definitely true

B.

the inference is definitely false

C.

the inference is probably false or true

D.

inference can not be drawn

 
 

Option: A

Explanation :

Q P M N

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8:  

(a) This is the bus for route No. 10.

(b) Buses of route No. 10 generally go to Connaught Palace.

Inference : This bus goes to the Connaught Place.

A.

the inference is definitely true

B.

the inference is definitely false

C.

the inference is probably false or true

D.

inference can not be drawn

 
 

Option: C

Explanation :

The word 'generally' clarifies that the inference is not definitely true.

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9:  

(a) Happy is one who is contended.

(b) Religious people are contended.

Inference : Religious people are happy.

A.

the inference is definitely true

B.

the inference is definitely false

C.

the inference is probably false or true

D.

inference can not be drawn

 
 

Option: C

Explanation :

The inference is not definitely true because of the fallacy of division

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10:  

(a) Metals are generally malleable or ductile.

(b) X is neither malleable nor ductile.

Inference : X is not a metal.

A.

the inference is definitely true

B.

the inference is definitely false

C.

the inference is probably false or true

D.

inference can not be drawn

 
 

Option: C

Explanation :

The word 'generally' used in the statement (a) makes the inference probably true or probably false. It means that there is at least one metal which is neither malleable nor ductile.

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