Classical

Statement & Assumption - Statement and Assumption MCQ

Instructions:  

One statement is given in each of the following questions followed by two assumptions. Mark the most appropriate option

1:  

 Ravi is too intelligent to fail in the examination.

Assumption I: Very intelligent boys do not fail in the examinations.

Assumption II: Those who are not intelligent at all may fail in the examinations.

A.

assumption I is implicit

B.

assumption II is implicit,

C.

both I and II are implicit

D.

neither of them is implicit.

 
 

Option: C

Explanation :

Too intelligent means very intelligent so assumption I is implicit. On the other hand if some one is very much intelligent he rarely fails and that who is not intelligent at all may fail. So. assumptiOn II is also implicit.


2:  

Crop condition continues to be critical before rains.

Assumption I: It is expected to improve after rain.

Assumption II: Unless it rains no change in crop condition is likely to be.

A.

assumption I is implicit

B.

assumption II is implicit,

C.

both I and II are implicit

D.

neither of them is implicit.

 
 

Option: C

Explanation :

Crop is dependent on rains. Whatever problem the crop faces ceases to be after rains. Thus any improvement in crop condition is directly related to rains. If it does not rain its condition will continue to be critical. Thus both the assumptions are implicit.


3:  

Let the government increase the present rate of taxation to recover the deficit in the budget.

Assumption I: Present rate of taxes is very low.

Assumption II: If government wants to get away with the budgetary deficit it should increase tax rate.

A.

assumption I is implicit

B.

assumption II is implicit,

C.

both I and II are implicit

D.

neither of them is implicit.

 
 

Option: B

Explanation :

There are many reasons behind budgetary deficits. Thus if the rate of tax is low even then it can not be said that deficit is the product of low tax rate. In this way first assumption is not implicit but II one is implicit as taxes are a good source of finance to cover the deficit.


4:  

 Go by aeroplane from Delhi to Chennai to reach quickly.

Assumption I: Delhi and Chennai are connected by air services.

Assumption II: There is no other means of going from Delhi to Chennai.

A.

assumption I is implicit

B.

assumption II is implicit,

C.

both I and II are implicit

D.

neither of them is implicit.

 
 

Option: A

Explanation :

One is suggested to go to Chennai from Delhi by aeroplane. It means both the cities are connected by air services. But the word 'quickly' used in the statement clarifies that there are other means of transportation also. So only assumption I is implicit.


5:  

 Indian scientists working abroad do not come back and serve their motherland.

Assumption I: India lacks such highly sophisticated labs, instruments and other amenities as they have there.

AssuMption II: India can not afford to pay them as much as they get there.

A.

assumption I is implicit

B.

assumption II is implicit,

C.

both I and II are implicit

D.

neither of them is implicit.

 
 

Option: C

Explanation :

Both are the genuine reasons that is why they do not come back here.




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